华为交换机、路由器命令集

阅读:266次   时间:2011-09-23 18:36:40   字体:[ ]

交换机命令
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[Quidway]dis cur                                        ;显示当前配置
[Quidway]display current-configuration                  ;显示当前配置
[Quidway]display interfaces                            ;显示接口信息
[Quidway]display vlan all                              ;显示路由信息
[Quidway]display version                                ;显示版本信息
[Quidway]super password                                      ;修改特权用户密码
[Quidway]sysname                                      ;交换机命名
[Quidway]interface ethernet 0/1                              ;进入接口视图
[Quidway]interface vlan x                              ;进入接口视图
[Quidway-Vlan-interfacex]ip address 10.65.1.1 255.255.0.0    ;配置VLAN的IP地址
[Quidway]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.65.1.2            ;静态路由=网关
[Quidway]rip                                                  ;三层交换支持
[Quidway]local-user ftp
[Quidway]user-interface vty 0 4                              ;进入虚拟终端
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]authentication-mode password                ;设置口令模式
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]set authentication-mode password simple 222  ;设置口令
[S3026-ui-vty0-4]user privilege level 3                      ;用户级别
[Quidway]interface ethernet 0/1                              ;进入端口模式
[Quidway]int e0/1                                            ;进入端口模式
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]duplex {half|full|auto}                  ;配置端口工作状态
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]speed {10|100|auto}                  ;配置端口工作速率
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]flow-control                        ;配置端口流控
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]mdi {across|auto|normal}                ;配置端口平接扭接
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]port link-type {trunk|access|hybrid}    ;设置端口工作模式
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]port access vlan 3                 ;当前端口加入到VLAN
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port trunk permit vlan {ID|All}        ;设trunk允许的VLAN
[Quidway-Ethernet0/3]port trunk pvid vlan 3         ;设置trunk端口的PVID
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]undo shutdown                      ;激活端口
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]shutdown                              ;关闭端口
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]quit                              ;返回
[Quidway]vlan 3                                        ;创建VLAN
[Quidway-vlan3]port ethernet 0/1                ;在VLAN中增加端口
[Quidway-vlan3]port e0/1                                 ;简写方式
[Quidway-vlan3]port ethernet 0/1 to ethernet 0/4         ;在VLAN中增加端口
[Quidway-vlan3]port e0/1 to e0/4                         ;简写方式
[Quidway]monitor-port <interface_type interface_num>         ;指定镜像端口
[Quidway]port mirror <interface_type interface_num>        ;指定被镜像端口
[Quidway]port mirror int_list observing-port int_type int_num ;指定镜像和被镜像
[Quidway]description string                             ;指定VLAN描述字符
[Quidway]description                                  ;删除VLAN描述字符
[Quidway]display vlan [vlan_id]                              ;查看VLAN设置
[Quidway]stp {enable|disable}                                ;设置生成树,默认关闭
[Quidway]stp priority 4096                               ;设置交换机的优先级
[Quidway]stp root {primary|secondary}                   ;设置为根或根的备份
[Quidway-Ethernet0/1]stp cost 200                       ;设置交换机端口的花费
[Quidway]link-aggregation e0/1 to e0/4 ingress|both          ; 端口的聚合
[Quidway]undo link-aggregation e0/1|all                      ;  始端口为通道号
[SwitchA-vlanx]isolate-user-vlan enable                 ;设置主vlan
[SwitchA]isolate-user-vlan <x> secondary <list>         ;设置主vlan包括的子vlan
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid pvid vlan <id>         ;设置vlan的pvid
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid pvid                   ;删除vlan的pvid
[Quidway-Ethernet0/2]port hybrid vlan vlan_id_list untagged  ;设置无标识的vlan
如果包的vlan id与PVId一致,则去掉vlan信息. 默认PVID=1。
所以设置PVID为所属vlan id, 设置可以互通的vlan为untagged.
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路由器命令
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[Quidway]display version                                ;显示版本信息
[Quidway]display current-configuration                  ;显示当前配置
[Quidway]display interfaces                            ;显示接口信息
[Quidway]display ip route                              ;显示路由信息
[Quidway]sysname aabbcc                                ;更改主机名
[Quidway]super passwrod 123456                          ;设置口令
[Quidway]interface serial0                              ;进入接口
[Quidway-serial0]ip address <ip> <mask|mask_len>        ;配置端口IP地址
[Quidway-serial0]undo shutdown                          ;激活端口
[Quidway]link-protocol hdlc                            ;绑定hdlc协议
[Quidway]user-interface vty 0 4
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]authentication-mode password
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]set authentication-mode password simple 222
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]user privilege level 3
[Quidway-ui-vty0-4]quit
[Quidway]debugging hdlc all serial0                    ;显示所有信息
[Quidway]debugging hdlc event serial0                  ;调试事件信息
[Quidway]debugging hdlc packet serial0                  ;显示包的信息
静态路由:
[Quidway]ip route-static <ip><mask>{interface number|nexthop}[value][reject|blackhole]
例如:
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 16 10.0.0.2
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 10.0.0.2
[Quidway]ip route-static 129.1.0.0 16 Serial 2
[Quidway]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0  10.0.0.2
动态路由:
[Quidway]rip                                                  ;设置动态路由
[Quidway]rip work                                            ;设置工作允许
[Quidway]rip input                                            ;设置入口允许
[Quidway]rip output                                          ;设置出口允许
[Quidway-rip]network 1.0.0.0                            ;设置交换路由网络
[Quidway-rip]network all                                      ;设置与所有网络交换
[Quidway-rip]peer ip-address                                  ;
[Quidway-rip]summary                                          ;路由聚合
[Quidway]rip version 1                                        ;设置工作在版本1
[Quidway]rip version 2 multicast                              ;设版本2源码天空,多播方式
[Quidway-Ethernet0]rip split-horizon                          ;水平分隔
[Quidway]router id A.B.C.D                                    ;配置路由器的ID
[Quidway]ospf enable                                          ;启动OSPF协议
[Quidway-ospf]import-route direct                            ;引入直联路由
[Quidway-Serial0]ospf enable area <area_id>                  ;配置OSPF区域
标准访问列表命令格式如下:
acl <acl-number> [match-order config|auto]                    ;默认前者顺序匹配。
rule [normal|special]{permit|deny} [source source-addr source-wildcard|any]
例:
[Quidway]acl 10
[Quidway-acl-10]rule normal permit source 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255
[Quidway-acl-10]rule normal deny source any
扩展访问控制列表配置命令
配置TCP/UDP协议的扩展访问列表:
rule {normal|special}{permit|deny}{tcp|udp}source {<ip wild>|any}destination <ip wild>|any}
[operate]
配置ICMP协议的扩展访问列表:
rule {normal|special}{permit|deny}icmp source {<ip wild>|any]destination {<ip wild>|any]
[icmp-code] [logging]
扩展访问控制列表操作符的含义
equal portnumber                                        ;等于
greater-than portnumber                                        ;大于
less-than portnumber                                        ;小于
not-equal portnumber                                        ;不等
range portnumber1 portnumber2                                  ;区间
扩展访问控制列表举例
[Quidway]acl 101
[Quidway-acl-101]rule deny souce any destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit icmp source any destination any icmp-type echo
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit icmp source any destination any icmp-type echo-reply
[Quidway]acl 102
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit ip source 10.0.0.1 0.0.0.0 destination 202.0.0.1 0.0.0.0
[Quidway-acl-102]rule deny ip source any destination any
[Quidway]acl 103
[Quidway-acl-103]rule permit tcp source any destination 10.0.0.1 0.0.0.0 destination-port equal ftp
[Quidway-acl-103]rule permit tcp source any destination 10.0.0.2 0.0.0.0 destination-port equal www
[Quidway]firewall enable
[Quidway]firewall default permit|deny
[Quidway]int e0
[Quidway-Ethernet0]firewall packet-filter 101 inbound|outbound
地址转换配置举例
[Quidway]firewall enable
[Quidway]firewall default permit
[Quidway]acl 101                            ;内部指定主机可以进入e0
[Quidway-acl-101]rule deny ip source any destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.1 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.2 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.3 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]rule permit ip source 129.38.1.4 0 destination any
[Quidway-acl-101]quit
[Quidway]int e0
[Quidway-Ethernet0]firewall packet-filter 101 inbound
[Quidway]acl 102                            ;外部特定主机和大于1024端口的数据包允许进入S0
[Quidway-acl-102]rule deny ip source any destination any
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit tcp source 202.39.2.3 0 destination 202.38.160.1 0
[Quidway-acl-102]rule permit tcp source any destination 202.38.160.1 0 destination-port great-than
1024
[Quidway-acl-102]quit
[Quidway]int s0
[Quidway-Serial0]firewall packet-filter 102 inbound      ;设202.38.160.1是路由器出口IP。
[Quidway-Serial0]nat outbound 101 interface  ;是Easy ip,将acl 101允许的IP从本接口出时变换源地址。
内部服务器地址转换配置命令(静态nat):
nat server global <ip> [port] inside <ip> port [protocol]      ;global_port不写时使用inside_port
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.1 inside 129.38.1.1 ftp tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.1 inside 129.38.1.2 telnet tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.1 inside 129.38.1.3 www tcp
设有公网IP:202.38.160.101~202.38.160.103 可以使用。            ;对外访问(原例题)
[Quidway]nat address-group 202.38.160.101 202.38.160.103 pool1  ;建立地址池
[Quidway]acl 1
[Quidway-acl-1]rule permit source 10.110.10.0 0.0.0.255          ;指定允许的内部网络
[Quidway-acl-1]rule deny source any
[Quidway-acl-1]int serial 0
[Quidway-Serial0]nat outbound 1 address-group pool1              ;在s0口从地址池取出IP对外访问
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.101 inside 10.110.10.1 ftp tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.102 inside 10.110.10.2 www tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.102 8080 inside 10.110.10.3 www tcp
[Quidway-Serial0]nat server global 202.38.160.103 inside 10.110.10.4 smtp udp
PPP设置:
[Quidway-s0]link-protocol ppp                                  ;默认的协议
PPP验证:
主验方:pap|chap
[Quidway]local-user q2 password {simple|cipher} hello          ;路由器1
[Quidway]interface serial 0
[Quidway-serial0]ppp authentication-mode {pap|chap}
[Quidway-serial0]ppp chap user q1                              ;pap时,没有此句
pap被验方:
[Quidway]interface serial 0                                    ;路由器2
[Quidway-serial0]ppp pap local-user q2 password {simple|cipher} hello
chap被验方:
[Quidway]interface serial 0                                    ;路由器2
[Quidway-serial0]ppp chap user q2                              ;自己路由器名
[Quidway-serial0]local-user q1 password {simple|cipher} hello  ;对方路由器名
帧中继frame-relay    (二分册6-61)
[q1]fr switching
[q1]int s1
[q1-Serial1]ip address 192.168.34.51 255.255.255.0
[q1-Serial1]link-protocol fr                                  ;封装帧中继协议
[q1-Serial1]fr interface-type dce
[q1-Serial1]fr dlci 100
[q1-Serial1]fr inarp
[q1-Serial1]fr map ip 192.168.34.52 dlci 100
[q2]int s1
[q2-Serial1]ip address 192.168.34.52 255.255.255.0
[q2-Serial1]link-protocol fr
[q2-Serial1]fr interface-type dte
[q2-Serial1]fr dlci 100
[q2-Serial1]fr inarp
[q2-Serial1]fr map ip 192.168.34.51 dlci 100
帧中继监测
[q1]display fr lmi-info[]interface type number]
[q1]display fr map
[q1]display fr pvc-info[serial interface-number][dlci dlci-number]
[q1]display fr dlci-switch
[q1]display fr interface
[q1]reset fr inarp-info
[q1]debugging fr all[interface type number]
[q1]debugging fr arp[interface type number]
[q1]debugging fr event[interface type number]
[q1]debugging fr lmi[interface type number]
启动ftp服务:
[Quidway]local-user ftp password {simple|cipher} aaa service-type ftp
[Quidway]ftp server enable

作者“土豆空间”

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